Senators hope to end Federal Reserve’s conflicts of interest
Three U.S. Senators proposed a bill on Tuesday that would prevent the nation’s most powerful banking executives from simultaneously running the very institutions intended to keep them playing by the rules, with one of the bill’s sponsors saying that JP Morgan’s recent billions in losses are indicative of “a fox guarding a hen house.”
Proposed by Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and backed by Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-CA) and Mark Begich (D-AK), The Federal Reserve Independence Act (PDF) would prohibit the leaders of risk-taking firms from simultaneously sitting on a Federal Reserve board, or being employed by one. The bill would also keep the nation’s top bankers from selecting Fed board members, and block those members from owning stock in companies they regulate or supervise.
While it certainly sounds like a hot-button issue fraught with Capitol Hill controversy, the proposal is actually a very modest one that implements a recommendation made last year by the Government Accountability Office (GAO).
While Sanders has long been an opponent of the Fed, JP Morgan CEO Jamie Dimon exacerbated attacks on the Fed after overseeing $3 billion in trading losses that resulted in a 19 percent drop in his bank’s stock price — bringing total losses to nearly $30 billion. Dimon also sits on the board of the New York Federal Reserve, and his bank took over $390 billion in bailout loans from the Fed after the financial crash of 2008.
“In other words, the people ‘regulating’ the banks are the exact same people who are being ‘regulated,’” Sanders said in a document published to his website (PDF). “If this is not a clear example of the fox guarding the henhouse, I don’t know what is.”
Boxer, similarly, told reporters at a press conference with Sanders on Tuesday that it was wrong for banking executives to have sat on the very boards that decided in 2008 to bail out the banking industry. “The very people who wanted the loans had their own people on the board,” she said. “This is a true reform whose time has come.”
“In my view, it is a blatant conflict of interest for Jamie Dimon, the CEO and Chairman of JP Morgan Chase, to serve on the New York Fed’s board of directors,” Sanders added. “It is also a conflict of interest when any other bank CEO sits on a Federal Reserve Bank board.”
Dimon has since faced calls for his resignation from Massachusetts Senate candidate Elizabeth Warren (D), who helped create the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau empowered by President Barack Obama’s Wall Street reforms. The numbers were so gobsmacking that even Warren’s opponent, Sen. Scott Brown (R-MA), joined her in the criticism, urging Dimon to punish his top employees for the “self-inflicted” wound.
An earlier audit of the Fed’s secret loan programs — supported in the House by Republicans and in the Senate by Democrats — revealed that America’s central bank dispatched $16.1 trillion in secret loans and asset swaps between 2007 and 2010 to stabilize the global financial system — more than the entire U.S. gross domestic product in 2010.
The audit also found that the Fed mostly outsourced its lending operations to the very financial institutions which sparked the crisis to begin with, and that they delegated contracts largely on a no-bid basis. The GAO went on to recommend that new policies eliminate such conflicts of interest, and suggested that the Fed should keep better records of their emergency decision-making process in the future.
It’s not clear whether a new regulation on the Fed will be a popular one in Congress, but lawmakers recently showed an appetite for bipartisanship on The STOCK Act, which bans clear financial conflicts of interest in Congress.
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