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Scientists: HIV can be ‘functionally cured’ by early treatment

French scientists announced on Friday that 14 adults who were infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS, were “functionally cured” of the infection by early treatment. According to Reuters, a team at Paris Descartes University followed patients who were administered anti-HIV medicines rapidly after infection…

Watch: Neil deGrasse Tyson explains the timelessness of photons

In video uploaded to YouTube on Thursday, astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson explained why particles of light called photons existed outside of time. You should know that if you study [The Theory of Relativity] that as you increase your speed, time ticks more slowly for you than it does for anyone…

Swiss Space Systems aims for low-cost satellite service

A new Swiss-based company said Thursday it would offer low-cost satellite launches which it claims could be a quarter of current market rates. Swiss Space Systems-S3 said its goal was to offer launches for 10 million Swiss francs (8.1 million euros, $10.5 million) using unmanned suborbital spaceplanes that could carry…

Fossils show primitive birds had four wings: study

Some primitive birds boasted four wings, before evolution led them to ditch their hind feathers in favor of webbed or scaly feet, scientists in China said on Thursday. Previous research had uncovered the existence of bird-like dinosaurs with hind limb feathers, but evidence has remained slim in birds, which are…

Astronomers find water vapor in atmosphere of distant planet

But planet HR8799c unlikely to harbour life, as surface temperature exceeds 1,000C Astronomers have detected water vapour and carbon monoxide in the atmosphere of a planet 130 light years away from Earth. However, the planet, known only as HR8799c, is devoid of methane, a gas that can indicate life, the researchers…

Scientists: Mexican monarch butterfly numbers at record low

By Jo Tuckman, The Guardian This year’s 59% drop in the wintering population in central Mexico marks the sixth decline in the past seven years The colonies of migrating monarch butterflies that spend the winter in a patch of fir forest in central Mexico were dramatically smaller this season than…

New data ‘strongly indicates’ particle is Higgs boson

New data unveiled on Thursday strengthens the belief that a subatomic particle discovered last year is the elusive Higgs boson, European physicists said. Analysis of two characteristics, teased from experiments at the world’s biggest particle smasher, aligns with theories that the discovery is a Higgs, the European Organisation for Nuclear…

Europe and Russia ink deal on double mission to Mars

The European Space Agency (ESA) said it signed a deal on Thursday with its Russian counterpart to launch two unmanned missions to Mars, a quest that was rocked by a US pullout last year. Called ExoMars, the scheme entails sending an orbital probe to the Red Planet in January 2016…

Astronomers: Early Universe bred ‘starburst’ mega-galaxies

In its exuberant childhood, the Universe created galaxies that were vast star-making machines, astronomers reported on Wednesday. Using a brand-new telescope in Chile’s Atacama desert, the team snared light that took more than 12 thousand million years to reach them. It came from massive galaxies in the distant cosmos which…

Scientists map tapeworm DNA

Scientists said Wednesday they had unravelled the genetic code of the tapeworm, unearthing data that should lead to more efficient drugs against the dangerous intestinal parasite. Tapeworms are among the first known parasites of humans, recorded by Hippocrates and Aristotle as long ago as 300 BC. Published in the journal…

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