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Autism, ADHD, bipolar disorder, depression, and schizophrenia share common gene problem

Five major psychiatric disorders share a common problem in several faulty genes, according to the biggest study of its kind published on Thursday. In the widest trawl yet of genetic mutations linked with mental disorders, US-led researchers looked through the DNA code of 33,332 people with autism, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder…

Sugar caused global explosion in type 2 diabetes: study

Sugar is behind the global explosion in type 2 diabetes, say researchers who claim it plays a uniquely damaging role in causing a disease that experts fear could overwhelm the NHS. Obesity is usually cited as the main driver of diabetes. But a new study by US medical researchers identifies…

Millionaire plans to send man and woman to Mars and back

A US millionaire who became the first private space tourist has unveiled ambitious plans to send a man and woman – probably a married couple – on a round trip to Mars when planetary alignment allows in 2018. Dennis Tito, 72, a former rocket scientist who made his fortune through…

Francis Bacon’s studio bric-a-brac on show in Brussels

As Ireland helms the troubled EU, bric-a-brac from the studio of Irish-born artist Francis Bacon, who came to exemplify angst in 20th century Europe, goes on show in Brussels this week. Photos of a zebra carcass and an elephant foetus, of artist friends Lucian Freud and Salvador Dali, as well…

Study finds increase in young women with advanced breast cancer

A study published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association found an increase in advanced breast cancer among women under 40. According to the Associated Press, the rise in cancer cases is small, but troubling. Tumors found in young women are often more aggressive and grow unchecked because…

Neurons can be reprogrammed long after they’ve matured, study finds

These drawings by Santiago Ramón y Cajal show the cellular structure of three different areas of the human cerebral cortex. The cortex is the seat of higher mental functions such as language and decision-making, and contains dozens of distinct, specialised areas. As Cajal’s drawings show, the cortex has a characteristic…

Scientists reconstruct Russian meteor trajectory

A duo of Colombian scientists say they have reconstructed the orbit of the meteor that exploded earlier this month over Chelyabinsk, Russia.  Relying on videos of the meteor from Chelyabinsk’s Revolutionary Square and in the nearby city of Korkino, astronomers Jorge Zuluaga and Ignacio Ferrin at…  …

Lack of sleep leads to groggy genes: study

Lack of sleep has a potentially harmful effect on gene expression, according to a study out Tuesday that sheds light on the link between sleep deficits and a wide range of health conditions. A sleep deficit — even just a week’s worth — can have damaging effects on our genes,…

Comet could collide with Mars in 2014

Astronomers say that a comet will make an close flyby next year, not of Earth, but of our neighbor planet, Mars. According to a Monday report on Discovery.com, the recently discovered comet, named C/2013 A1 will fly close to Mars on Oct. 19 of 2014. Comets are balls of ice…

Pluto moon to be named after Spock’s planet Vulcan

Two tiny moons orbiting Pluto, today officially known as P4 and P5, may soon be called “Vulcan” and “Cerberus” thanks to an online poll that wrapped up Monday, according to The Associated Press. The name “Vulcan” was actually pitched by actor William Shatner, who played Captain James T. Kirk on…

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