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Encephalitis kills 60 in eastern India in fortnight

An outbreak of encephalitis has killed 60 people in two weeks in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, a top health official has said, calling the situation “alarming’. Hundreds of mainly children die across India each year from the mosquito-borne virus, but West Bengal is not normally one of…

Schizophrenia has direct genetic ties, as scientists find more than 100 DNA pointers

A massive gene trawl has linked over 100 DNA coding mutations to schizophrenia, yielding critical clues about what causes the illness and possibly how to treat it, scientists said Tuesday. Using more than 80,000 genetic samples from schizophrenia patients and healthy volunteers, an international team of researchers found 128 variants…

World marks hottest June since 1880: NOAA

Last month was the hottest June since record-keeping began in 1880, according to a monthly report by US government climate scientists. The combined average temperature over land and ocean surfaces was a “record high for the month at 61.20 Fahrenheit (16.22 Celsius),” said the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. That…

Decriminalize sex work to help control AIDS pandemic, scientists demand at international conference

Prostitutes are subject to repression, violence and abuse – even at the hands of law enforcement, research shows Sex work must be decriminalised if the world is to stand a chance of controlling the Aids pandemic, say scientists contributing to a series of research papers in the Lancet medical journal.…

Pharmaceutical firms will share neglected compounds with British researchers

LONDON (Reuters) – A group of seven leading drugmakers has agreed to share an array of neglected experimental medicines with British academic researchers in the latest example of the deepening ties between industry and external scientists. British business minister Vince Cable announced the new partnership on Tuesday between the Medical…

Beef’s environmental costs far outweigh poultry and pork

Beef is by far the most costly protein when it comes to the environmental damage wreaked by feeding and raising cattle, according to a study out Monday. Beef requires 28 times more land than the average total needed to produce either dairy, eggs, poultry or pork, said the research in…

Why are Fukushima engineers creating walls of ice under a contaminated nuclear plant?

By Jonathan Bridge, University of Liverpool Engineers at Fukushima nuclear power plant have been trying to create a £185m ice wall to isolate contaminated water from mixing with groundwater. However, there has been a steady stream of news articles reporting on problems associated with the work so far. They are…

Looking upward: Vertical farms offer a bright future for hungry cities

By Tim Heath, University of Nottingham and Yiming Shao, University of Nottingham The 21st century has seen rapid urbanisation and the global population is now expected to grow to more than 8.3 billion by 2050. Currently, 800m hectares – 38% of the earth’s land surface – is farmed and we’ll…

Forty-five years after Apollo landing, U.S. debates next lunar step

Forty-five years after the first Apollo lunar landing, the United States remains divided about the moon’s role in future human space exploration. Ten more U.S. astronauts followed Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin’s July 20, 1969, visit to the moon before the Apollo program was canceled in 1972. No one has…

Scientists have discovered why some embryos can’t grab on to the uterine wall

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