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Follow-up study confirms that circumcision can reduce men’s HIV risk

A follow-up probe into the use of circumcision to thwart the AIDS virus has confirmed that foreskin removal greatly reduces the risk of HIV infection for men. So say a team led by French researcher Bertran Auvert, whose pioneering work, unveiled in 2006, helped unleash a circumcision campaign in AIDS-hit…

Scientists say HIV banished from bone marrow transplant patients

Two men who had longstanding HIV infections have been off Aids drugs for several months and have no detectable HIV Two men who became free of HIV infection after bone marrow transplants have been off Aids drugs for several months without any sign of the virus returning, according to scientists.…

Circumcision reduces HIV risk by changing penis ‘biome’, says study

A study released Tuesday says that circumcision significantly reduces men’s chances of being infected by HIV by changing the mircobiome of the penis. According to a paper in the American Journal of Microbiology, a reduction of the number of anaerobic bacteria present on the penis appears to play a role…

HIV trial scrapped after gel found ineffective

In a major setback for AIDS prevention research, a clinical trial of a new vaginal gel supposed to reduce HIV infections has been suspended after studies showed it to be ineffective. Researchers from the Microbicide Trials Network, set up by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH), expressed surprise at…

Is the focus on HIV treatment distracting from the search for a cure?

The introduction of combination anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in 1996 dramatically reduced the severity and high mortality rate associated with HIV infection and yielded the added benefit of reducing mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy. Each “class” of antiretroviral drugs in the cocktail targets a different step of the virus’s replication cycle. So,…

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