France has become the first country in Europe to require manufacturers to identify use of nano-particles, the extremely fine grains that are increasingly found in drugs and consumer products.
Manufacturers must make a declaration if they used at least 100 grammes (3.52 ounces) of nano-particles in products that were imported, manufactured or distributed in France in 2012, the ecology ministry said on Thursday.
The rule took effect on January 1 following a government decree dated to last February 17.
It applies to particles with a diameter of between 1 and 100 billionths of a metre. Companies must make the declaration on a website, www.R-nano.fr, by May 1.
In its press release, the ministry said the requirement was a precautionary measure, given that “the risk profile (of nanomaterials) is still poorly understood.”
Nano-particles are used increasingly in the form of titanium oxide or as aluminium silicates in pills to help ingestion of pills and in food, where they are used as stabilisers or anti-caking agents in fluids and creams.
Some research, including a study carried out on chickens in February last year, has suggested that the particles may be harmful for the gut, where they interact with intestinal processes.
However, these investigations are still small-scale and are far from conclusive.
Al Sharpton busts Trump’s hypocrisy on Morning Joe: ‘He chased Joe Scarborough like a hungry dog behind a bone’
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This billionaire Republican governor has been sued dozens of times for millions in unpaid bills
Raymond Dye had a buildup of blood behind his left eye that prevented him from seeing. David Polk had an abnormal heartbeat, and his wife had high cholesterol. Roger Wriston’s wife had a bad back.
All the men had worked for a collection of coal companies owned by Gov. Jim Justice and his family, which had pledged to provide health insurance after the miners retired. Last year, though, the retirees learned that those firms had stopped paying their premiums. And as a result, their coverage had been terminated. Polk skipped doctor appointments.