Republican Rob Astorino to challenge New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo

NEW YORK (Reuters) - Rob Astorino, a little-known Republican county executive, launched a bid on Wednesday to challenge New York's popular Democratic Governor Andrew Cuomo, promising to make the state more affordable, to open more charter schools and to pave the way for natural gas fracking.

"I'm tired of listening to the fairy tale that everything is just great when it's just the opposite," Astorino said in a six-minute video posted on his campaign website.

Ed Cox, the state's Republican leader, released a statement of support that said "Goliath, meet David."

A February Quinnipiac poll found New York voters favoring Cuomo 58 percent to 24 percent over Astorino in a hypothetical match-up. While more than six in 10 New Yorkers approve of Cuomo's job performance, 86 percent of voters say they haven't heard enough about Astorino to form an opinion.

Lee Miringoff, who heads the Marist Poll, called Astorino's candidacy a "tall order."

"The to-do list is very long," Miringoff said. "He needs to raise money, he has low name recognition, he's trailing."

"But he's also articulate and he's attracted a lot of Democratic voters in Westchester," Miringoff added, referring to the wealthy commuter suburb north of New York City.

Despite his uphill challenge, Astorino could emerge as a formidable candidate. He easily won re-election last November in Westchester, a heavily Democratic county.

In his video, Astorino sounded many of the themes that have been central to Cuomo's message: lowering taxes and making the state more competitive, and working with members of the opposing party.

Astorino also said New York has been "losing" under Cuomo, and mocked the governor on several issues, including delaying a decision on whether to allow fracking, a horizontal drilling technique for natural gas that has been controversial due to environmental and health concerns.

The Republican field is still unsettled ahead of this year's primary, which has not yet been formally scheduled. Real estate mogul Donald Trump has floated the idea of running, though public opinion polls suggest New Yorkers deeply oppose the idea.

(Reporting By Edith Honan; Editing by Scott Malone and Tom Brown)