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Fragments found on S. Carolina Black museum site belong to wharf that brought 100,000 slaves to U.S.

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Archaeologists in Charleston, South Carolina, believe they have found the wooden remnants of an 18th century wharf where an estimated 100,000 enslaved Africans arrived in America during the peak of the international slave trade.

Traces of Gadsden’s Wharf were located during an exploratory dig this fall at the waterfront site of the city’s planned $75 million International African American Museum, said Eric Poplin, senior archaeologist at Brockington and Associates.

City and cultural leaders said the discovery will allow an important piece of history to be preserved. Some 100,000 West African slaves were taken to the wharf, located on the Cooper River near Charleston Harbor, between 1783 and 1808.

“It is the place of arrival for a huge percentage of the early ancestors of people of African descent who live in America,” Charleston Mayor Joe Riley said.

The city commissioned the dig ahead of the new museum’s construction, which is expected to begin in late 2016, Riley said.

Using maps, plats, historic records of timber orders and ground-penetrating radar, archaeologists uncovered the pine timbers of wooden cribs that held oyster shells and other fill used to build the wharf, Poplin said.

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They also found timbers and the brick floor from a ricestorehouse that was used as a barracks to house African captivesbefore they were sold.

Riley said the museum wants to place above-ground markers of the wharf to tell its story to visitors, and a future excavation could remove some of the actual remnants for exhibit.

Historians say an estimated 40 percent of all enslaved Africans brought to North America came through Charleston, more than any other port.

The museum will help preserve a “sacred space,” said Lonnie G. Bunch III, director of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture, which is slated to open in Washington in 2016.

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“Gadsden’s Wharf is an Ellis Island for African Americans,” Bunch said on Tuesday. “It becomes one of the few places where African Americans can really go to pay homage to those ancestors.”

(Reporting by Harriet McLeod; Editing by Colleen Jenkins and Mohammad Zargham)

Watch a report on the discovery, as aired on WCBD-TV on Tuesday, below.

Report typos and corrections to [email protected].
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Maddow slams Trump’s era of government officials ‘saving the country from the commander-in-chief’ with leaks

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Rachel Maddow on Monday worried about the pattern of government officials leaking to the press to stop President Donald Trump from sabotaging United States' interests to help Russia.

The MSNBC anchor broke down the key questions raised by the bombshell New York Times report that officials were keeping secrets from Trump to protect U.S. interests.

Maddow reminded of a June 2017 story by Michael Isikoff.

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CNN’s Cuomo demands Scott Jennings admit if he’ll ever be tired of Trump lying — but he refuses to say

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On Monday, CNN's Chris Cuomo clashed with Republican adviser Scott Jennings over President Donald Trump's decision to fire pollsters that showed him losing to former Vice President Joe Biden.

"I don't want to get too in the weeds for people especially this far out," said Cuomo. "But the word of one of the reasons that there's some resonance and relevance of the internal polls that the president lied to the American people about in terms of what they say is his lying, Scott, that it's a problem. It's a problem for him across the country. It makes people wonder whether or not they can count on his word. When you see a scenario like this one, don't believe the polls, they were your own polls, Scott, from inside the campaign. How damaging is that to this president?"

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Rachel Maddow gets to the bottom about why Trump ‘freaked out’ so much at report U.S. hacked Russia

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MSNBC anchor Rachel Maddow on Monday examined the motivations for President Donald Trump freaking out over the latest bombshell New York Times revelations about his Russia policy.

Maddow identified two key takeaways for her viewers.

"The weird things here are two things about the way the story has broken and both have to do with President Trump," she noted.

"The first really strange thing about the reaction is President Trump’s response to it online. This story apparently sort of made him flip out," she said, putting his Twitter reactions on screen.

https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1140065300186128384

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