Historic nuclear deal hailed in Tehran, slammed by Israel as ‘dangerous’
Well-wishers hailed Iran’s nuclear negotiators as they returned to Tehran Friday from reaching a potentially historic framework deal with world powers, but Israel warned it was a “very dangerous” step.
As Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu convened security chiefs to prepare Israel’s response, Iranians awaited the first reaction from supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
Iran and six world powers agreed the outlines of the deal aimed at curbing Tehran’s nuclear drive on Thursday — in a major breakthrough in the 12-year standoff between Iran and the West.
US President Barack Obama welcomed the “historic understanding” with the Islamic republic after decades of hostility, warning like other leaders that work remains to finalise a highly complex agreement by June 30.
But in Iran — where crippling sanctions over its nuclear ambitions have left many suffering — the mood was joyful.
Hundreds of Iranians took to the streets of Tehran in celebration after the agreement was announced, with drivers sounding their horns in approval along the capital’s longest street, Val-e-Asr Avenue.
Arriving in Tehran from the negotiations in the Swiss city of Lausanne, Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and his team were welcomed by dozens of well-wishers.
“Viva Zarif! Viva Araghchi!” the crowd chanted, in reference to the minister and top negotiator Abbas Araghchi.
In brief remarks at the airport, Zarif praised Khamenei for “his remarkable support for the negotiating team and his guidance” in the talks, the official IRNA news agency reported.
Reaching out to Iranian hardliners who have opposed any deal that would curb Tehran’s nuclear activities, Zarif said the agreement was not finalised.
“This set of solutions will be the basis for writing a final document,” he said.
Residents lined the streets as Zarif drove away from the airport, many carrying Iranian flags, with the minister emerging from the sunroof of his car and waving to the crowd.
– ‘Historic mistake’ –
Khamenei will have the final word on the agreement, under which Iran agreed to sharply curtail its nuclear programme in return for the lifting of sanctions.
Iran’s arch-foe Israel, widely assumed to have atomic weapons of its own, slammed the outline agreement as a “historic mistake” and said it would threaten the survival of the Jewish state.
“This framework is a step in a very, very dangerous direction,” government spokesman Mark Regev told journalists, adding that Iran’s “single goal” was to build a nuclear bomb.
Local media reported that Netanyahu had called a meeting of his security cabinet, including ministers, as well as senior officials from Israel’s security services.
Israel has repeatedly warned that it could take military action if threatened by a nuclear-armed Iran, though analysts say strikes are unlikely.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said the drafting of a full accord was to begin immediately after Thursday’s announcement. He was to make a statement later to reporters in Tehran.
Under the outline deal, the United States and the European Union are to lift all nuclear-related sanctions on Iran once the UN atomic agency has verified that Tehran has stuck to its terms.
All past UN nuclear resolutions on Iran would also be lifted.
The proposed limits will see Iran’s stocks of highly enriched uranium cut by 98 percent for 15 years, while its unfinished Arak reactor will not produce weapons-grade plutonium.
The deal will also see Iran reduce by roughly two-thirds — to 6,104 from around 19,000 — the number of uranium centrifuges, which can make fuel for nuclear power but also the core of a nuclear bomb.
– Sanctions can return –
The so-called P5+1 group — the United States, Britain, China, France and Russia plus Germany — hope that the deal will make it virtually impossible for Iran to make nuclear weapons.
Iran, one of the world’s major oil producing countries, has always denied seeking the atomic bomb, saying its activities are for energy generation and research.
Russia, which built Iran’s nuclear power plant, hailed it as a recognition of Tehran’s “unconditional right” to pursue a civilian nuclear programme.
UN chief Ban Ki-moon said an accord would “contribute to peace and stability in the region” while the Russian foreign ministry said it would have “a positive impact” on the security situation in the Middle East.
Successful implementation of the deal could put Iran and the United States on the road to better relations after 35 years of animosity since the 1979-1981 hostage crisis in Tehran.
But Obama needs a deal which he can sell to hostile Republicans in Congress, who remain suspicious of Iran’s pledges and are threatening to push for new sanctions from April 14.