Authorities in Hawaii have warned of dangerous “laze” fumes as molten lava from the erupting Kilauea volcano reached the Pacific Ocean.
Two lava flows “reached the ocean along the southeast Puna coast overnight,” on Hawaii’s Big Island, the US Geological Survey, which monitors volcanoes and earthquakes worldwide, said in a statement Sunday.
A crack however opened in the ground under one of the lava channels, “diverting the lava… into underground voids,” the statement said.
When the hot lava flow hits the water it produces acid fumes known as “laze” – lava and haze.
“The plume is an irritating mixture of hydrochloric acid gas (HCl), steam, and tiny volcanic glass particles,” the USGS said.
“This hot, corrosive gas mixture caused two deaths immediately adjacent to the coastal entry point in 2000, when seawater washed across recent and active lava flows.”
The USGS also warned that volcanic gas emissions “have tripled as a result of the voluminous eruptions.”
Moderate winds means that areas downwind from the volcano “may experience varying levels of vog,” or volcanic smog, a haze created when emissions react to oxygen, moisture, dust, and sunlight, the USGS said.
One giant lava flow grew to 20 feet (six meters) in height and blocked a portion of Highway 137, seriously impacting area residents, Hawaii News Now reported.
Kilauea is the world’s most active volcano and one of five on Hawaii’s Big Island.
It started erupting on May 3, prompting about 2,000 people to flee from their mountainside homes.
Scientists believe the volcanic activity may be a precursor to a major eruption similar to the one that shook the island in the mid-1920s.
But they say they expect no loss of life given that the most exposed residential areas have been evacuated and the region where the volcano is located — on the southeastern part of the island — is lightly populated.
Authorities have warned residents to stay away from the evacuated neighborhoods, warning that toxic sulfur dioxide seeping out of nearly two dozen fissures could prove deadly.
Steve Mnuchin extends his overseas trip — despite failing to reach a deal on coronavirus stimulus
Raw Story reported on Oct. 16 that U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Steve Mnuchin left the United States after repeatedly failing to reach a stimulus agreement with Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA). Now, it appears Mnuchin has extended his trip to the Middle East by an extra day. The media has not been given any information on his whereabouts or with whom the meetings are taking place.
Mnuchin was expected to travel to Israel, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates from Oct. 17 through Oct. 20. Negotiations were expected to resume upon his return to the U.S. on Oct. 20.
Trump makes his closing pitch to ‘suburban housewives’ at rally: ‘Women, I like women — I like women!’
President Donald J. Trump made his closing pitch to who he called "suburban housewives" at his Arizona rally Monday. He bellowed, "Women, I like women -- I like women!" in a classic Trumpian move while his supporters cheered.
"Listen, here's the story. They said 'suburban women' -- I used to call them 'suburban housewives,' I got killed all the time. I said, 'ugh, I better go politically correct.' Is there one woman here who minds being called, if you're married at least, a 'suburban housewife' 'cause..."
The crowd erupted with "No!"
"The only ones who mind are those characters... there's a lot of people up there - the press, right? Those are the only ones. The rest of them don't."
‘Backing out again?’: Trump ridiculed for trying to ‘wimp’ out of debate with whiny letter about the topics
President Donald Trump's campaign manager Bill Stepien sent a long, rambling letter to the Presidential Debate Commission attacking them for being all-in for Vice President Joe Biden and demanding that they change the debate topics.
Moderator Kristen Welker said that the topics they intend to discuss will be fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, issues facing American families, race in America, climate change, national security and leadership in general. Stepien complained that "national security" or "leadership" doesn't have enough to do with foreign policy as he would prefer.