NEW YORK (AFP) – Secretary of State Hillary Clinton voiced hope Friday that US-led military efforts would split the Taliban from Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, laying the groundwork for a lasting political settlement.

In a speech at the Asia Society in New York, Clinton reaffirmed US plans to start reducing troops in July and complete the drawdown by the end of 2014 as Afghans take charge of their war-torn country.

Clinton said the surge in US-led troops over the past year was part of a strategy to "split the weakened Taliban off from Al-Qaeda and reconcile those who will renounce violence and accept the Afghan constitution."

The top US diplomat said that the Taliban faced a similar choice as in 2001, when the United States attacked Afghanistan and toppled the hardline Islamic regime for hosting Al-Qaeda leaders who planned the September 11 attacks on New York and Washington.

"Today, the escalating pressure of our military campaign is sharpening a similar decision for the Taliban: break ties with Al-Qaeda, renounce violence and abide by the Afghan constitution and you can rejoin Afghan society.

"Refuse and you will continue to face the consequences of being tied to Al-Qaeda as an enemy of the international community," Clinton said.

"They cannot wait us out. They cannot defeat us. And they cannot escape this choice."

The relationship between Al-Qaeda and the Taliban has long been a source of contention within US policy circles.

After the September 11 attacks, president George W. Bush's administration described the two groups as virtually indistinguishable. US troops, now led by General David Petraeus, have focused on taking the fight to the Taliban.

But key civilian leaders under President Barack Obama have put a focus on political reconciliation, arguing that many rank-and-file Taliban are simply seeking a livelihood and can be co-opted.

"I know there are some on Capitol Hill and elsewhere who question whether we need anything more than guns, bombs and troops to achieve our goals in Afghanistan," Clinton said.

"As our commanders on the ground will be the first to say, that is a short-sighted and ultimately self-defeating view. We will never kill enough insurgents to end this war outright," Clinton said.

Clinton was delivering an inaugural lecture in memory of hard-charging US diplomat Richard Holbrooke, who served as Washington's special envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan and was a leading advocate for a political settlement.

Holbrooke, a former chair of the Asia Society, died suddenly on December 13 of a torn aorta. He was 69.

Clinton announced the appointment of Holbrooke's successor: Marc Grossman, a retired career diplomat who has served in Pakistan and Turkey and rose to the top position of undersecretary of state for political affairs.

Grossman will face major challenges including a crisis with Pakistan over its detention of a US government employee accused of shooting two Pakistanis, along with questions about the effectiveness of Afghan President Hamid Karzai.

Clinton repeated concerns about corruption in Afghanistan, saying: "I will not sugarcoat the fact that the Afghan government has, at times, disagreed with our policies."

She also said it was "no secret that we have not always seen eye-to-eye with Pakistan." Al-Qaeda and Taliban fighters are largely holed up in the lawless northwest of Pakistan, whose government is allied with the United States.

"Pressure from the Pakistani side will help push the Taliban towards the negotiating table and away from Al-Qaeda," she said.