New California law targets massive online ticket-scalping scheme
September 26, 2013
Court records indicate former Dickinson County Attorney Amy Zenor appears to be claiming she’s afflicted with Auto-Brewery Syndrome, an exceptionally rare medical condition that causes a person to become intoxicated without consuming any alcohol.
In November 2022, Zenor was arrested and charged with being publicly intoxicated while at the county courthouse. Four weeks later, the Dickinson County Board of Supervisors accepted Zenor’s resignation.
Court records give no indication as to the events that led up to the arrest, but they state that a preliminary breath test showed Zenor’s blood-alcohol level was 0.195 percent, well above the 0.08 limit to operate a motor vehicle.
Last week, after pleading guilty to public intoxication, a simple misdemeanor, Zenor was fined $150.
On the same day Zenor was sentenced, her attorney filed an exhibit with the court that consists of a letter from an Ohio doctor, Anup Kanodia, who reviewed Zenor’s medical condition. Kanodia concluded the former prosecutor was afflicted with Auto-Brewery Syndrome, or ABS, a medical condition that is said to cause intoxication in people who haven’t consumed any alcohol.
People with ABS can become intoxicated when they ingest certain carbohydrates that ferment in their system along with intestinal yeast. According to some studies, fewer than 100 cases of ABS worldwide have been identified since 1952.
In her letter, Kanodia said Zenor was tested for ABS and the results were negative. However, Kanodia wrote, “we still have a high clinical suspicion she does, in fact, have ABS.” She cited tests that reportedly showed Zenor has “poor gut health” along with an unexplained presence of alcohol in her system.
“We ask that this serious condition be taken into consideration if any accidental intoxication occurs,” Kanodia wrote in her letter.
According to state records, the Iowa Attorney Disciplinary Board asked the Iowa Supreme Court in November to suspend Zenor’s license to practice law due to “a disability that prevents her from discharging the professional responsibilities associated with the practice of law.”
Zenor filed a written consent to the immediate suspension of her license, after which the court agreed to impose the sanction.
Currently, Zenor and Dickinson County are defendants in a lawsuit brought by Hillary Henningsen, a former employee of Zenor’s office who alleges she faced harassment and retaliation from Zenor and others at work because of her gender and her status as a pregnant woman.
On one occasion in late January 2020, the lawsuit alleges, Zenor brought a beverage container into work. The container allegedly was tested by an assistant county attorney for alcohol, with the results coming back positive.
The lawsuit alleges that both before and after Zenor took over as county attorney, Henningsen saw Zenor at work when she was “obviously under the influence of alcohol and to the point of inebriation.” Zenor also is alleged to have made comments about cases “which made no sense” while talking with Henningsen and others in the prosecutor’s office.
The lawsuit also alleges Zenor came into work while appearing “zoned out” and she “regularly forgot what she had told defense attorneys in criminal cases, and would deny having made plea deals that she had actually made earlier … In addition, Zenor was found passed out in her office a couple of times and one time was found passed out on the bathroom floor.”
Zenor has denied any wrongdoing in Henningsen’s termination. The lawsuit is scheduled to go to trial in September.
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“Murda u always outside we gon see you,” read a message from an account he didn’t recognize.
Murphy is a music manager, producer and entrepreneur who has worked with high-profile rapper Tekashi 6ix9ine, among other artists. Hours before the threats began, 6ix9ine posted a message to his more than 20 million followers on Instagram that mocked the recent death of rapper PnB Rock. Taking exception to the post, people began blowing up Murphy’s phone.
“I’m sitting home by myself literally watching TV, all of a sudden I see these texts started coming in and I’m like, ‘What the fuck?’” said Murphy, in a gravelly voice that retains the accents of his native Yonkers, New York. In addition to threatening bodily harm, the anonymous messengers told Murphy they were coming for one of his most valuable assets — the @murdamurphy Instagram account. It had more than 300,000 followers and brought in thousands of dollars a month thanks to people and companies who paid Murphy to share sponsored posts.
“WE PACKING ACCOUNTS SOON 🤣🤣” read a message from a person who identified himself as OBNBrandon.
Murphy didn’t know it, but he was in the crosshairs of one of the most prolific and notorious members of a booming underground community of Instagram scammers and hackers who shut down profiles on the social network and then demand payment to reactivate them. While they also target TikTok and other platforms, takedown-for-hire scammers like OBN are proliferating on Instagram, exploiting the app’s slow and often ineffective customer support services and its easily manipulated account reporting systems. These Instascammers often target people whose accounts are vulnerable because their content verges on nudity and pornography, which Instagram and its parent company, Meta, prohibit.
A ProPublica investigation found that OBN, who also goes by OBNbrandon and Brandon, has prompted Meta to ban an array of influencers and entertainment figures. In an article he wrote for factz.com last year, OBN dubbed himself the “log-out king” because “I have deleted multiple celebrities + influencers on Meta & Instagram.”
“I made about $300k just off banning and unbanning pages,” he wrote.
OBN exploits weaknesses in Meta’s customer service. By allowing anyone to report an account for violating the company’s standards, Meta gives enormous leverage to people who are able to trick it into banning someone who relies on Instagram for income. Meta uses a mix of automated systems and human review to evaluate reports. Banners like OBN test and trade tips on how to trigger the system to falsely suspend accounts. In some cases OBN hacks into accounts to post offensive content. In others, he creates duplicate accounts in his targets’ names, then reports the original accounts as imposters so they’ll be barred for violating Meta’s ban on account impersonation. In addition, OBN has posed as a Meta employee to persuade at least one target to pay him to restore her account.
Models, businesspeople, marketers and adult performers across the United States told ProPublica that OBN had ruined their businesses and lives with spurious complaints, even causing one woman to consider suicide. More than half a dozen people with over 45 million total followers on Instagram told ProPublica they lost their accounts temporarily or permanently shortly after OBN threatened to report them. They say Meta failed to help them and to take OBN and other account manipulators seriously. One person who said she was victimized by OBN has an ongoing civil suit against Meta for lost income, while others sent the company legal letters demanding payment.
“Once you’re put on Brandon’s radar, whether someone’s paying him or not, he has this personal investment in making sure that your life is miserable and that he’ll try and get as much money out of you as he possibly can,” said Kay Jenkins, a Miami real estate agent and model. Her main Instagram account with roughly 100,000 followers has been repeatedly deactivated since 2021.
A Meta spokesperson acknowledged that OBN has had short-term success in getting accounts removed by abusing systems intended to help enforce community standards. But the company has addressed those situations and taken down dozens of accounts linked to OBN, the spokesperson said. Most often, the spokesperson said, OBN scammed people by falsely claiming to be able to ban and restore accounts.
“We know the impact these scams can have on people which is why we continue investing to protect our users, including updating our support systems and keeping the scammers out,” said the spokesperson, who asked not to be identified due to security concerns. “This remains a highly adversarial space, with scammers constantly trying to evade detection by social media platforms.”
The story of how OBN has manipulated Meta’s systems is a cautionary tale for social media platforms. While the company is often criticized for being slow to take down misleading or offensive material, OBN was able to make a lucrative living by finding the pressure points that prompt Meta to act quickly based on false reports.
Murphy said that’s exactly what happened to him. Until OBN came along, he was earning between $15,000 and $20,000 a month from his Instagram account. It was filled with pictures of him with rappers and well-known figures from the Miami nightlife. Murphy, a stocky man with short blond hair and permanent five o’clock shadow, typically posed in black clothes, aviator sunglasses and thick diamond chains, with one or both of his middle fingers extended at the camera. He charged aspiring entrepreneurs between $2,000 and $5,000 per story to be featured in a post on his verified account.
“People pay me all the time to post promos for music, crypto,” he said. “I can make five, 10 grand by accident if I needed to. … The money’s crazy.”
Murphy had never heard of OBN until that September morning. He went to bed shortly after 3 a.m. and woke up to discover his Instagram account was disabled.
“That’s the first time I’ve ever had my account taken, ever, in my life. My heart dropped,” he said.
He was initially successful in getting Meta to reactivate it. But it’s been offline since December. Meta declined to comment on Murphy’s experience.
“I make money with that account, so it’s not fair to me that this guy has more power than Meta — it’s like a multibillion-billion-billion-dollar company,” Murphy said. “And they can’t do nothing about it.”
Online, OBN portrays himself as something of a gangster. Videos and photos he’s posted indicate he drives a white Lamborghini and wears expensive watches.
His main marketing vehicle for his services is the messaging app Telegram, where he has run a channel called @teamobn since August 2021. He posts about accounts he says he got banned, unbanned or verified. He touts software he uses to file false reports that allege an account violated Meta’s community guidelines, triggering a takedown.
He describes various strategies he uses to get accounts banned. For example, he says he can get a legitimate account suspended for violating Meta’s rule against impersonation by taking a verified Instagram account and changing its display name, profile photo and content to mirror his target’s. Then he sends Meta a report claiming that the legitimate account is impersonating the verified account.
Jilted lovers, jealous friends and business rivals use his services. OBN wrote that he also targets people for his own amusement, because they insulted a friend or client, or because they offer rival services. After banning an account, he frequently offers to reactivate it for a fee as high as $5,000, kicking off a cycle of bans and reactivations that continues until the victim runs out of money or stops paying.
Several notable people in the often-intertwined worlds of hip-hop, Miami nightlife, OnlyFans models and online influencers, including Celina Powell and Myron Gaines, have endorsed OBN. Powell is an online influencer who claims to have had sexual relationships with prominent rappers and has amassed more than 3 million followers on Instagram. Gaines co-hosts the “Fresh & Fit” podcast, a YouTube channel with more than 1 million subscribers that bills itself as providing “the TRUTH to Females, Fitness, and Finances.” Gaines, whose legal name is Amrou A. Fudl, was temporarily banned from TikTok for misogynistic comments.
On Oct. 21, 2021, Gaines paused the broadcast to offer a plug. “Shouts out to our boy Brandon. For y’all that don’t know or follow me on Instagram on @unplugfit, I got my shit banned and then I’m back up now and my boy @obn.here was the one that got it back,” Gaines said, as an image of OBN’s Instagram account flashed on the screen. “So if you’ve got issues with Instagram, you get banned, whatever it is, this is the guy that you want to fucking contact.” Gaines didn’t respond to requests for comment. After ProPublica contacted Gaines, the video of the “Fresh & Fit” episode that featured his OBN shoutout was set to private, removing it from public view.
Those who said they were targeted by OBN include Adam22, the host of the popular hip-hop podcast “No Jumper,” who has 1.6 million Instagram followers, and Tommy Rodriguez, a Florida businessman with 1 million followers. OBN has said that he was responsible for banning Asian Doll, a rapper with 4.2 million followers; she did not respond to requests for comment. Meta declined to comment on all three cases.
OBN often targets women who rely on Instagram to draw people to their pages on OnlyFans, where they charge subscribers to view sexually explicit content.
“This is how I feed myself and my family,” said Danii Banks, an OnlyFans model with close to 8 million Instagram followers. She said she lost $300,000 in income when OBN induced Instagram to take down her account. He extorted thousands of dollars from her to restore her account, but it remained down, she said.
“It’s like someone lighting a fire on your business and just walking away.”
Meta declined to comment on Banks.
Banks lives in the Las Vegas area, as does OBN, according to posts, emails and public records. Banks reported him to the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department and the FBI for defrauding her, but she hasn’t heard back, she said. OBN, meanwhile, appears to have pursued a job with the Las Vegas police while mocking attempts by Meta and law enforcement to investigate him.
Last summer, he posted an email from the LVMPD’s Office of Human Resources that said the recipient, whose name was redacted, had met the requirements to continue the application process for becoming a police cadet. It said a written exam would be held; the date was also redacted.
“Wish me luck boys,” OBN wrote in his Telegram channel.
The next day, he shared a video shot in the LVMPD parking lot. “It went well,” he wrote and added a thumbs-up emoji.
Roughly a month later, OBN joked about an email from Meta telling him that it had complied with a request from an unnamed law enforcement agency for data regarding one of his accounts.
“Bro instagram or meta at this point is beyond cringe lmao,” he wrote on Telegram, using the popular acronym for “laughing my ass off.”
Despite his frequent activity on Telegram and Instagram, and the shoutouts from major podcasts and influencers, OBN’s true identity — and even whether the account is run by one person or more than one — has remained a mystery.
ProPublica’s investigation led to one person who either is OBN or is closely linked to him: 20-year-old Edwin Reyes-Martinez, who lives with his mother in an apartment complex roughly 13 miles north of the Las Vegas strip.
Numerous clues connected Reyes-Martinez to OBN. Victims said OBN told them to send money to a bank account in the name of Edwin Reyes, or via an email address, firstname.lastname@example.org, that included Reyes-Martinez’s initials. That address also matched a partially redacted email, email@example.com, that’s listed in the Las Vegas police letter OBN posted on Telegram.
A similar string of letters and numbers appears in a Twitter username, @ermtz030. That account bears Reyes-Martinez’s name and photo and features videos filmed inside a white Lamborghini. Although the videos don’t show the driver’s face, he is wearing a gold ring that resembles one worn by Reyes-Martinez in photos from his Facebook account. Another Facebook photo showed Reyes-Martinez posing in front of a white Lamborghini similar to the one featured in OBN’s Telegram profile.
Visited at his home in early February, Reyes-Martinez was dressed in a baggy, orange long-sleeve shirt, brown pants and brown slippers. A pair of gold and diamond studs sparkled in his ears. At first, he denied knowing who OBN is or having anything to do with him.
After being told that his own bank account had accepted more than $10,000 in payments intended for OBN in just the past few months, he changed his story. He said that someone named Brandon asked him to funnel money through his bank account to unknown recipients.
“There’s an individual that asked me if I can receive a payment,” he said. “I have no idea what that payment is for. I received them as a favor for the person.”
He pulled out his phone and showed an Instagram account called @madetoomuchmoney that he said belongs to the Brandon who contacted him. He said he didn’t know where the money went or what Brandon’s last name is. “I know a lot of Brandons.”
He said he works full time in a warehouse. “You see my hands? These are hard work hands,” he said, holding them out. “If I was OBN, I wouldn’t be working.”
ProPublica also submitted a request to the Las Vegas police for records related to any application by Reyes-Martinez to the department’s cadet program. The department declined, citing a Nevada law that allows it to withhold personnel records.
After the meeting in his apartment, Reyes-Martinez did not respond to follow-up questions. Meta sent him a cease-and-desist letter on March 17, about two weeks after ProPublica contacted the company for comment on OBN’s activities and on the evidence connecting Reyes-Martinez to OBN. A spokesperson said Meta had banned him from its platforms but declined to share the letter.
Account banning is just one of several lucrative schemes that prey on Instagram, which is uniquely important for celebrities, entrepreneurs, influencers and anyone seeking clout and status. Last year, a ProPublica investigation exposed a million-dollar operation that saw people pay $25,000 or more to fraudulently obtain verified accounts.
The verification badge, a blue tick added next to an account’s name, is applied to accounts that Instagram determines are authentic, unique, complete and notable. Verified accounts can charge more for sponsored posts, are given prominence by Instagram’s algorithms, and are seen as more difficult for people like OBN to take down. The ProPublica story prompted Meta to remove verification badges from hundreds of accounts.
OBN has said that he can take down verified accounts. “If you want someone smoked we talk 4 figures or nothing,” he wrote in his Telegram channel. In a separate post, he offered to create verified accounts for a $15,000 fee.
Meta has acknowledged that it needs to invest more in customer support. In February, founder Mark Zuckerberg announced that Meta would offer people the ability to pay for account verification and enhanced support, including “access to a real person for common account issues.” The Meta spokesperson said the company has invested in new account security and recovery measures, including a tool to help users who’ve been hacked. It’s also giving more users an opportunity to complain to a human agent rather than a bot.
The 1996 federal Communications Decency Act generally exempts platforms from legal liability related to the behavior of their users. However, the Federal Trade Commission has required several online platforms to bolster their security.
“If somebody is able to get into the account, the FTC doesn’t treat that company as a victim. They treat them as part of the problem,” said Eric Goldman, a professor and co-director of the High Tech Law Institute at the Santa Clara School of Law.
Meta has been under a consent decree with the FTC since 2012 because of allegations that the company, then known as Facebook, violated its privacy promises to users.
Some OBN victims have tried to hold Meta accountable. In late 2021, Tiara Johnson, a former adult performer who had more than 2.8 million Instagram followers when she lost her account, filed a breach of contract suit against Meta, which is pending in federal court. She said the company wrongly removed her account. Her suit includes screenshots of a conversation with OBN in which he says someone paid him $3,000 to ban her account. She then paid him the same amount to get it back, but he didn’t get it reactivated.
In February, Meta moved to dismiss the case, saying it has no obligation to provide an Instagram account to Johnson. The court is scheduled to consider the motion in June.
OBN can’t deactivate accounts by himself; he needs Meta to do it, either by triggering its automated systems or by getting a worker to take action. He has often boasted of bribing workers at Instagram and Meta, which recently acknowledged firing or disciplining workers who took bribes to access user accounts. ProPublica could not identify any Meta workers who accepted bribes from OBN.
But OBN did appear to have advance knowledge of a cease-and-desist letter sent on behalf of Meta to online marketer Joey Hickson.
Hickson built a business running large social media accounts like @break and @lmao, and he had four Instagram accounts with tens of millions of followers. He said he paid OBN for services such as helping people get an Instagram username they wanted or obtaining verified accounts.
After initially cooperating, OBN stopped delivering, according to Hickson. Then OBN started threatening to take Hickson’s accounts down. Last Sept. 22, OBN taunted Hickson on Instagram. “Enjoy your c&d,” he wrote, referring to the cease-and-desist letter sent by a law firm representing Meta.
Hickson immediately checked his email and saw that he had received just such a letter from Perkins Coie, a law firm that said it was writing on behalf of Meta. The letter said an investigation found that he and his company were “abusing Instagram” by offering account reactivation and verification services and by selling fake engagement such as likes and followers. It was banning Hickson and taking down his accounts.
OBN “knew before I did,” Hickson said.
OBN posted a message in his Telegram channel to celebrate that Hickson’s personal Instagram account, @joey, had been deactivated. He accused Hickson of stealing $20,000 from him and said, “enjoy the c&d my brother.”
OBN then tried to convince Hickson to pay him $15,000 to reverse the ban. He said he could get Meta and its law firm to withdraw the sanction because he was responsible for it. He said another hacker had created several Instagram accounts with fabricated accusations against Hickson and then sent the complaints to a Perkins Coie attorney. Referring to the lawyer as “my people,” he said he’d tell her that the accounts were “falsely made” to frame Hickson.
“Buddy I’m the one who did it who do you think she [the lawyer] gon listen to lmao I bring her clients everyday,” OBN wrote.
OBN asked Hickson to pay him through an intermediary: Dan Folger, a former photographer for rap star Wiz Khalifa who has over 300,000 Instagram followers and a Telegram channel where he sells Instagram services such as account reactivation. OBN has posted screenshots in his Telegram channel that show crypto payments from Folger to OBN. OBN has also shared video security footage, presumably supplied by Folger, of a ProPublica reporter visiting Folger’s Nevada home. In a Telegram chat, Folger denied working with OBN. He did not respond to detailed questions sent via his attorney.
Hickson rejected OBN’s offer, saying he wasn’t aware of anyone who had gotten a cease-and-desist retracted. He denies that he broke Meta’s rules. “I’ve spent a decade of my life building what I built only to have someone come in and tarnish that. I’m just trying to get my accounts back and my life back.”
Meta said Hickson’s accounts were appropriately taken down for violating Instagram’s terms of service. Perkins Coie and the attorney mentioned by OBN did not respond to requests for comment.
Before the bans and the victims, before the white Lambo, OBN was just a teenager with a PlayStation. “We used to just play games online,” Syenrai said in a telephone interview. Syenrai is the internet handle of a young man who was once prominent in the Instagram banning community. He requested that his real name not be used. Syenrai knew OBN as Brandon when they met online around 2018. They have never met face-to-face. He said he believes that Reyes-Martinez is at least partially responsible for the online activities carried out under the OBN handle, but that more than one person may be involved.
Syenrai said that Brandon earned money by selling a how-to guide to scamming. “The guides were easily found online for free, but OBN sold them for $45 a pop,” he said.
Brandon used the OBN moniker specifically for scamming, Syenrai said. Asked what the acronym stands for, Syenrai said he was told it was “only bands” — a reference to the paper band that holds a stack of bills together — followed by the version of the N-word that ends in “a.”
Everything changed for Brandon and Syenrai in the middle of 2020. A mutual friend named Abu “learned how to ban and showed it to me and Brandon,” Syenrai said. Syenrai caught on so well that he earned a measure of fame in 2021 by “memorializing” the account of Instagram head Adam Mosseri. When an account owner dies, Instagram can enable a memorial setting that locks the account and informs viewers that the person is dead. Mosseri’s memorializing only lasted an hour, but it embarrassed the company.
“It was a wild transition for us guys, from playing games to taking down celeb pages,” Syenrai said.
That kind of high-profile takedown is a way for a banner to gain clout, a flexing of skills to showcase Instagram’s vulnerability and make fellow banners jealous — like OBN, who also took credit for memorializing Mosseri.
It was also a quick route to a stern warning.
Syenrai received a cease-and-desist notice from Meta in November 2021. He said he stopped banning and working with OBN.
Kay Jenkins’ Instagram popularity helped her earn between $15,000 and $20,000 a month from sponsorships and OnlyFans subscriptions. But after she moved to Miami from her native Utah in March 2021, both her main Instagram account and her secondary accounts for her real estate and personal coaching businesses were repeatedly suspended. Months later, she learned by chance what had happened. In November 2021, she was a guest on “Fresh & Fit,” along with Celina Powell. Powell, who rose to fame by claiming to have slept with rappers and discussing the alleged affairs on hip-hop podcasts such as “No Jumper,” had recently given a shoutout to OBN.
“I’m telling you right now if you need any Instagram services, you need your account back, whatever the fuck you need, you have to go to my boy @obn.here,” Powell had said in an Instagram video that OBN shared in his channel.
After the broadcast, Powell and Jenkins rode the elevator from the studio up to Jenkins’ apartment. Powell called someone she referred to as Brandon and started talking about banning accounts.
“Who is this guy?” Jenkins asked her. “Can he bring my account back?”
“Yeah, he can bring it back if I tell him to,” Powell said. “Because he’s the one who shut it down.”
Powell explained that she had OBN ban Jenkins. Powell was upset after seeing a video of her then-boyfriend dancing with Jenkins at a Miami club, Jenkins said.
Jenkins hid her anger. “I was so hopeful that like, OK, if she’s the source that brought it down, she’s probably my only hope to fucking get it back,” Jenkins said.
Powell agreed to get OBN to restore Jenkins’ accounts. And soon they were reactivated. On Dec. 5, less than a week after the “Fresh & Fit” appearance, Powell posted another shoutout for OBN.
Still furious at Powell, Jenkins ended their friendship. Her main account promptly went down again.
Jenkins finished 2021 with her main Instagram account suspended and no indication from Meta about if or when it might come back.
“I had the worst Christmas of my life, I contemplated slitting my wrists, I didn’t feel like living anymore,” Jenkins said.
Powell was imprisoned in June 2022 for violating parole on a 2015 conviction for driving a getaway car in a theft. Powell, who was recently released, declined to comment. Around the time of Powell’s re-arrest, Jenkins’ Instagram account was restored. But the reprieve was short-lived. On Sept. 23, OBN messaged Jenkins. He offered to get her account verified for a fee. She declined and told him not to contact her again.
“Dumb ass b!tch,” read a private Instagram message sent to her the next day from an account linked to OBN. “I’m going to ruin you.”
Two days later, Meta suspended Jenkins’ account.
Jenkins decided the only way to protect her account and income was to make peace with OBN. It proved to be an expensive decision.
OBN assured Jenkins that he would be happy to work with her. He told her that he had a senior-level Instagram contact in Europe who could help unban and verify her account. He shared a screenshot of a conversation with the contact but, in an apparent oversight, failed to fully redact the name, according to Jenkins.
Seeing no alternative, Jenkins paid OBN $5,000, receipts show. Her account briefly came back online but was soon taken down by Meta. Then OBN blocked her on Telegram and deleted their conversation, according to Jenkins. She decided she had one more option: go directly to OBN’s high-level connection at Instagram. She found the employee’s Telegram account, which had the same username, photo and bio as his verified Instagram account. She messaged the account to say that she’d been working with OBN but he failed to deliver the services promised.
The response was sympathetic: “We made insane money no clue what went wrong.” They struck an agreement to reactivate and verify Jenkins’ account for $4,000. She sent the money, and her account was unlocked on Nov. 18, but it was suspended again four days later; the contact demanded another $4,000 to fix it. Again, Jenkins sent the money.
On the morning of Nov. 24, she woke up and immediately checked Instagram to see if her account was back. It wasn’t. And she had a new Telegram message from OBN.
“Haha ur talking to my rep such a slut 🤣 he won’t help you for shit anymore I’ll make sure of that,” OBN wrote.
Jenkins’ account never came back. She hired a lawyer and sent Meta a demand letter for $25,000 in damages for the repeated loss of her main Instagram account. Meta hasn’t replied. In reality, Jenkins was paying OBN all along. In an elaborate scam, he had posed on Telegram as the Meta employee. The cryptocurrency wallet to which Jenkins sent payments matched a wallet that OBN has used for other transactions.
ProPublica also traced the IP address of the server that the alleged Meta employee used to access the internet. It wasn’t in Europe. It was used by a cellphone in Las Vegas.
Meta acknowledged that its employee was impersonated. As a result, the employee and his family have faced threats and harassment for years. The employee reported the account to Telegram. After being contacted by ProPublica, Telegram removed the account, which a spokesperson described as “fraudulent.”
Following Reyes-Martinez’s conversation with a ProPublica reporter in his North Las Vegas apartment, the @madetoomuchmoney Instagram account he said belonged to “Brandon” was deactivated. OBN blocked the reporter from his Twitter account and Telegram channel and announced he would no longer offer account banning as a service.
“I’m done with banning if you mention anything about bans I’ll block you,” OBN wrote to his followers.
But he wanted people to know he was still in business.
“Only doing instagram claims & verification, and C&Ds only for high paying nothing less let’s work 🙏.”
They’re revolting in the UK against Boris Johnson’s lack of accountability, viz “Partygate.”
In France, people are burning things in the streets protesting President Macron’s raising the retirement age from 62 to 64 without subjecting it to the accountability of a vote of parliament or the people.
In Israel, millions are in the streets protesting Benjamin Netanyahu’s government changing laws and seizing courts so the Israeli prosecutors can’t hold the Prime Minister accountable for corruption and bribery.
Here in the US, Trump and the GOP are trying to provoke a revolution of their own, although it’s not to hold the rich and powerful accountable. It’s the opposite, albeit in costume.
Sandra Bland gets pulled over for a broken taillight and dies in jail; Trump steals an election by paying off a porn star, then tries to steal a second by launching a violent insurrection, and still walks free while making a million dollars a day fundraising.
“Accountability for thee,” is the GOP motto, “but not for me.” The law must bind average working people with accountability, but not the morbidly rich and their Republican toadies.
Republicans in the House of Representatives — the party of “lock her up!” — are now even considering legislation to outlaw prosecuting former presidents, although apparently only whose last names end with “rump.”
In the modern world, there are basically two forms of government: liberal democracy and fascist oligarchy that pretends to be democracy. Both go by numerous names, but those are pretty much the options. Either the people rule, or the fatcats and their friends with guns who run rigged elections do.
And Donald Trump and the GOP have made their choice: they’re doing everything they can to end democracy and install a permanent oligarchy that can never be excised from our bodies politic and economic.
The main difference between these two forms of government — democracy and oligarchy — boils down to that one point (as I laid out in The Hidden History of American Oligarchy): accountability.
In 1776, King George III of England held total power over the American colonists. The laws of that day bound the colonists, but not the king. They were accountable to the King and his laws, but he was not accountable to them.
The essence of the American Revolution was to overthrow that lack of accountability by the sovereign and replace it with a form of government where those with political, military, and police powers were directly accountable to We The People via representatives elected in free and fair elections. (Yes, it took centuries and we’re not fully there yet, but that was and is the ideal.)
When the people of France stormed the Bastille on July 14, 1789, they were similarly demanding accountability from the French monarch, Louis XVI, who was that month in the process of raising taxes on working-class people (the “Third Estate”) while cutting them on the nobles (“Second Estate”) and the clergy (“First Estate”).
Most democratic revolutions — even those that aren’t violent, like FDR’s radical remaking of America’s economy and social order — are reactions to a lack of accountability by a “noble” class.
This reaction to unfairness is so wired into the core of our humanity that you can see it played out in a kindergarten class by giving 20 cookies to a single student and only one each to everybody else.
But it’s not just pro-democratic revolutions that work this way: even fascist revolutions that bring to power oligarchic despots are always first sold to the people as being against unfairness and an alleged lack of accountability.
Hitler’s fascist “revolution” was a reaction to the German economy being trashed by the extraordinarily punitive Treaty of Versailles (as predicted by John Maynard Keynes in 1919). To mobilize the masses, however, he needed a “noble” class of “others” who could be the villains in his revolutionary morality play.
Because he didn’t want to alienate Germany’s actual nobility or oligarch industrialists and bankers (whose money and media he needed), he accused Jews and “union bosses” of being the unaccountable nobility against whom they should direct their anger.
Today’s Republicans are repeating that playbook here in the US, ranting against what Hitler called the “international Jewish conspiracy” by boiling that three-word phrase down to a single name: George Soros.
And, sure enough, just like Hitler, Pinochet, Putin, and Mussolini, they’re simultaneously going after the queer community, teachers/librarians, and institutions like the FBI and courts (“weaponized government” Gym Jordan calls them) that enforce laws which could otherwise be used to hold the rich and powerful to account for their thefts and crimes.
Republicans are now riding high.
Their “Proud Boys” strut the streets with weapons of war on display and allegedly tried to murder the Speaker of the House and Vice President of the United States.
Their legislators like Marjorie Taylor Greene lead an expedition to the DC jail to visit and celebrate traitors who tried to bring down our government.
Their morbidly rich paymasters pay only 3% in income taxes while launching half-billion-dollar yachts and shooting themselves into outer space with their pocket change.
The armed, politically powerful, and billionaires are exempt from oversight by the law while those same three groups work hard to pass laws controlling America’s powerless. In state after state, they’re binding women, queer people, students, and people of color under the very system of law that they themselves flaunt.
Accountability for thee, but not for me.
This can’t last if we want to remain a democratic republic. Ever since 1978, when five Republicans on the Supreme Court legalized wealthy people and corporations bribing politicians and members of the Court itself (and doubled down in 2010 with Citizens United), Americans have been bristling at the consequences.
The 1980 Reagan Revolution — also sold as overthrowing existing “elite” power structures including unions, regulatory agencies, and “pointy headed liberals” teaching public school and college — has reduced the American middle class from about two-thirds of us in 1980 to around 45 percent of us today.
It produced a transfer of over $50 trillion from the homes and savings of working class people into the money bins of the top 1 percent. Republicans accomplished this by reducing the top tax bracket from 74% down to 27% and opening massive tax loopholes for the morbidly rich.
Tax breaks and wealth for me, but not for thee.
Reagan’s neoliberal “free trade” policies, including his and Bush’s negotiation of the GATT/WTO and NAFTA, moved over 60,000 factories out of the US leaving at least 15 million American workers without a job while, as I lay out in The Hidden History of Neoliberalism: How Reaganism Gutted America, turning fascist oligarchy China into the second richest nation in the world.
Wealth and employment for me, but not for thee.
As you’re reading these words, American voters are being purged from the rolls of Red states (five Republicans on the Supreme Court legalized the practice in 2018 and over 20 million have been purged since then, as I documented in The Hidden History of the War on Voting). In 2024, particularly in Florida, Georgia, and Texas, millions of people will show up thinking they can vote but will either be turned away or get handed a placebo “provisional ballot” that is never counted.
Political power for me, but not for thee.
Eventually, people reach a breaking point.
This frustration with the damage done to our country by the Reagan Revolution was exploited by rightwing hate radio, Fox “News,” and Donald Trump, telling working class and poor Americans that their problems are caused by “International Jew George Soros,” librarians, teachers, drag queens, Black and Hispanic people, Asians, and queer people.
(Not coincidentally, this is the same message being peddled by Putin to Russians, Orbán to Hungarians, and Le Pen to the French.)
It worked to get Trump into the White House and put Republicans in charge of the House of Representatives along with about half the American states.
GOP media and Republicans have developed an entire lexicon around their embrace of “accountability for thee, but not for me.”
— “Tough on crime” means “crack down on Black people but not on banksters.”
— “Protect the children” means “crack down on queer people, librarians, and teachers but not on predators in churches and the GOP.”
— “Freedom” means the freedom of rightwingers to own and carry weapons of war, but not for children to attend school without fear of death.
— “Critical Race Theory” means don’t talk about (and, thus, don’t do anything about) the structural imbalances of power and wealth in America rooted in 400 years of oppression and discrimination, but do lionize the contributions of the white Founders.
— “Socialism” means government-funded healthcare and retirement for working-class Americans, but not bank bailouts, tax cuts, and “regulatory relief” for giant corporations and billionaires.
— “Witch hunt” means trying to hold Republicans to account for their crimes, but not stopping bigots who harass trans people who just want to use the bathroom.
— “Illegal immigration” means brown people from south of the border, but not prosecuting the wealthy white employers who hire them and pay them under the table.
— “Fighting Inflation” means cutting wages for working people, but not stopping price gouging by corporate monopolies.
— “Antifa” used as a slur means cops can imprison or kill Black people and their allies, but can’t arrest former Republican presidents.
— “Radical leftists” means politicians wanting universal healthcare, a clean environment, and free/cheap college like every other developed country in the world has but America should never consider such things.
Now Republicans are coming right out and saying that Democrats shouldn’t be allowed to vote in Red states, that America isn’t really a democracy, and that it’s time to set aside American values of compassion and inclusion in favor of hate and fear.
This is how democracies are transformed into fascism oligarchies. We’ve seen it in country after country, and today the Republican Party is committed to bringing it to America.
Political power, wealth, and impunity for me, Republicans say, but not for thee.