The fourth volume of Michel Foucault’s ground-breaking “The History of Sexuality” will be published Friday, 34 years after the death of the French philosopher.
His unfinished “Confessions of the Flesh” — which deals with the prickly question of consent — is finally being released by his French publishers Gallimard after his literary executors decided the time was ripe for his ideas.
With the rise of the #MeToo movement against sexual harassment, his editor Frederic Gros said “the moment has come for the publication of this major and original work.”
Foucault began the book near the end of his life in the early 1980s when he was already ill with AIDS, of which he would die in June 1984.
The book begins by looking at how the first fathers of the Christian church dealt with sexuality, including St Clement of Alexandria and St Augustine of Hippo.
Foucault claimed that contrary to popular belief, early Christianity was no more uptight about sex than the pagans were.
In fact, he argued that it was a lot more permissive than pagan philosophers.
“These (repressive) principles somehow migrated into Christian thought and practice from pagan practice,” the philosopher wrote.
He insisted that even if to some the norms set down by them seem repressive, at least they talked openly about sexuality, adultery, chastity, homosexuality and masturbation, and never made sex a taboo subject.
And from the very earliest Christian times, they were clear on the need for consent, and that rape should be outlawed, he argued.
The author of “Madness and Civilisation” and “The Order of Things”, who taught at the University of California at Berkeley, had intended to publish “The History of Sexuality” in six volumes, Gros said.
But his illness changed his plans, and he published the second and third volumes, “The Use of Pleasure” and “The Care of The Self” weeks before he died in 1984.
Republicans defended ‘a vile scoundrel’ who is ‘racist’ and ‘a petty tyrant’ — and it wasn’t Donald Trump
President Donald Trump's defense attorneys were blasted for their defense of a different president on Tuesday.
"I mean, of course Trump's lawyers are defending Andrew Johnson. Of course," noted MSNBC anchor Chris Hayes.
"Johnson was a vile scoundrel and a drunk and a racist and a petty tyrant whose presidency brought blood and shame upon this nation," Hayes continued. "That's the kindest characterization I could muster."
The host linked to a 2019 piece on Johnson that he wrote for The New York Times as a book review of "The Trial of Andrew Johnson and the Dream of a Just Nation by Brenda Wineapple.
Trump lawyer cites former GOP senator to discredit impeachment — but leaves out he supports convicting the president
During the Senate impeachment trial on Monday, White House lawyer Robert Ray attempted to contrast the impeachment of President Donald Trump with that of President Richard Nixon, by arguing that unlike in the former case, Republicans came together with Democrats to call for removing Nixon. As part of the comparison, he brought up then-Rep. William Cohen, who went on to become a U.S. senator from Maine and Secretary of Defense for President Bill Clinton.
"Together these six Republicans made history," said Ray. "They did so with no sense of triumph and no fist bumps."
What Ray chose not to mention, however, is that Cohen has specifically weighed in on the Trump case, and said that he should be impeached and removed over the Ukraine scheme.
There are 51 votes to approve calling witnesses in Trump impeachment trial: PBS
After pieces of John Bolton's manuscript leaked to the press confirming President Donald Trump's bribery of Ukraine, Republicans have turned to support the witnesses they once opposed.
Sens. Mitt Romney (R-UT) and Susan Collins (R-ME) both voted against witnesses and were leaning against them until Bolton's manuscript was leaked to the press after it was turned over to the White House for approval.
PBS News Hour reporter Lisa Desjardins tweeted Monday evening that the news tipped the scales and there were officially 51 votes to approve witnesses.