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Nine ex-military convicted for 1973 murder of Chile folk singer Victor Jara

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A Chilean judge has convicted nine retired soldiers in the 1973 murder of one of Chile’s most beloved folk singers, Victor Jara, the judiciary said on Tuesday.

Jara, 40, was arrested the day after the September 11, 1973 CIA-backed coup that overthrew Salvador Allende and installed Augusto Pinochet as dictator.

Jara’s body was found days later, riddled with 44 bullets. He had been held, along with around 5,000 other political prisoners, in a sports stadium where he was interrogated, tortured and then killed.

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Among other horrors, the singer-guitarist’s fingers were crushed, broken by rifle butts and boots.

“Judge Miguel Vazquez Plaza convicted nine retired members of the army for their responsibility in the homicide of singer Victor Jara and the ex-director of prisons Littre Quiroga Carvajal, in September 1973 in Santiago,” a statement from the judiciary said.

Eight of the accused — who held ranks from lieutenant to colonel and brigadier — were sentenced to 15 years and one day in prison for their roles as “perpetrators” of both murders.

They all received another three years for kidnapping the two victims.

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A ninth officer received five years and a day for being an accessory to the murders, and 61 days for his role as an accessory to the kidnappings.

The pacifist singer, whose lyrics spoke of love and social protest, became an icon of Latin American popular music with songs like “The Right to Live in Peace,” “The Cigarette” and “I remember Amanda.”

Jara was married to British dancer Joan Turner, with whom he had two daughters.

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– Victor Jara Stadium –

He was also a member of Chile’s Communist Party and a fervent supporter of the Popular Unity coalition that backed Marxist president Allende, who came to power by popular vote in 1970.

The singer’s fellow detainee, Littre Quiroga, 33, was national prisons director and a Communist Party militant.

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His body was found with signs of torture along with that of Jara and three other political prisoners, in a vacant lot near Santiago’s Metropolitan Cemetery.

In Chile, Jara became an icon for hundreds of artists who suffered human rights violations under Pinochet.

Abroad, the singer inspired musicians from U2 to Bob Dylan. At a 2013 concert in Santiago, Bruce Springsteen paid tribute to Jara.

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In June 2016, a federal jury in the United States found another former Chilean soldier, Pedro Pablo Barrientos Nunez, liable in a civil case for Jara’s murder and awarded $28 million to his family.

One witness, an army conscript, told the court via videotaped deposition that he heard Barrientos, then a 24-year-old lieutenant at the stadium, tell someone he had fatally shot Jara.

Chile has unsuccessfully sought the extradition of Barrientos, who obtained US citizenship.

Pinochet ruled Chile until 1990 and died in 2006 without ever being convicted for the crimes committed by his regime.

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In 2009, Chilean judicial authorities ordered the exhumation of Jara’s remains. He was buried in an official ceremony attended by then-president Michelle Bachelet.

The stadium where Jara was held and suffered today bears his name.


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Federal judge overturns ObamaCare’s transgender protections, because Jesus

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A U.S. District Court judge in Texas has overturned the protections written into ObamaCare for transgender people, ruling they violate the religious rights of healthcare providers who hold religious beliefs that oppose the existence of transgender people.

On Tuesday Judge Reed O'Connor, appointed by President George W. Bush, "vacated an Obama-era regulation that prohibited providers and insurers who receive federal money from denying treatment or coverage to anyone based on sex, gender identity or termination of pregnancy," The Hill reports.

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Sanctuaries protecting gun rights and the unborn challenge the legitimacy and role of federal law

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In June 2019, the small Texas town of Waskom declared itself a “Sanctuary City for the Unborn.”

Waskom’s city council passed an ordinance that labels groups – like Planned Parenthood, NARAL and others – that perform abortions or assist women in obtaining them “criminal organizations.”

The ordinance borrows from a similar resolution passed in March by Roswell, New Mexico. Unlike the merely rhetorical Roswell resolution, however, the Texas law bans most abortions within city limits. There are no abortion providers in the town, so it is not clear how the town would enforce the ordinance. It might, perhaps, deter an organization from opening a clinic.

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Quantum dots that light up TVs could be used for brain research

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While many people love colorful photos of landscapes, flowers or rainbows, some biomedical researchers treasure vivid images on a much smaller scale – as tiny as one-thousandth the width of a human hair.

To study the micro world and help advance medical knowledge and treatments, these scientists use fluorescent nano-sized particles.

Quantum dots are one type of nanoparticle, more commonly known for their use in TV screens. They’re super tiny crystals that can transport electrons. When UV light hits these semiconducting particles, they can emit light of various colors.

That fluorescence allows scientists to use them to study hidden or otherwise cryptic parts of cells, organs and other structures.

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