Chinese trade officials intend to "make a deal" in a new round of talks in Washington this week, President Donald Trump said Wednesday, reviving hopes for negotiations that appeared to be hanging by a thread.
However, with negotiations set to resume on Thursday, there was no letup in last minute brinkmanship, and China has vowed to retaliate if Trump follows through on plans to ratchet up existing tariffs.
Trump has continued to pressure Beijing, pressing ahead with plans to more than double the punitive duties on $200 billion in Chinese merchandise by Friday -- a prospect that has sent shivers through the global economy since last year.
China's Commerce Ministry warned of unspecified retaliation should Trump not back down.
The escalation was "not in the interests of the two countries' people," a ministry spokesperson said on Wednesday.
"If the US tariff measures are put into effect, China will have no choice but to take the necessary countermeasures."
US officials on Monday effectively canceled a six-month trade truce, accusing Chinese negotiators of backsliding on major commitments agreed to thus far in months of talks.
And Trump on Wednesday suggested he was comfortable either with making a deal or with leaving the tariffs in place.
"We'll see but I am very happy with over $100 Billion a year in Tariffs filling US coffers...great for US, not good for China!"
US officials accused Chinese negotiators of reneging on commitments made during months of talks.
US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer released an official notice Wednesday that duty rates on a vast array of Chinese-made electrical equipment, machinery, auto parts and furniture would jump to 25 percent after midnight (0400 GMT) on Friday.
Following Trump's first Twitter screed Sunday on tariffs, stock markets around the world sank for two trading days. But Wall Street had seen solid gains as of 1700 GMT as investors absorbed news the talks were still on.
- Profound changes -
The world's top two economies have exchanged tariffs on more than $360 billion in two-way trade, gutting US soy bean exports to China and weighing on the manufacturing sectors in both countries.
But amid robust US economic growth, American officials have long believed they are better positioned than Beijing to withstand the pain of a trade war.
Officials with the Institute for Supply Management said Wednesday that while the tariffs create a "headwind" for the US economy, the outlook for services and manufacturing was still positive this year.
Anthony Nieves, who heads the ISM survey of the services sector, told reporters the tariffs were hitting China "a lot more than what we're feeling over here in the states. There's a lot of pressure on them."
Trump also tweeted Wednesday that Chinese officials mistakenly hoped they could hold off to negotiate with a "very weak" future Democratic president "and thereby continue to ripoff the United States... for years to come."
However, economists and even Trump's fellow Republicans in Congress, stress that US importers and consumers are the ones that pay the price for higher tariffs.
Washington has demanded far-reaching and profound changes to the Chinese economy, such as submitting state enterprises to market principles, reducing massive subsidies and ending the alleged "theft" of US technology.
Analysts say China will be reluctant to make many of these changes, which could undermine the Communist Party's political power.
Despite the trade war, the value of US imports of Chinese goods have continued to rise, widening the soaring trade deficit with China.