Mexico’s Senate began debating the new North American trade agreement Wednesday, putting the country on track to be the first to ratify it despite recent tension with the US.
The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) is expected to pass easily in Mexico, given that the deal it aims to replace, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), has helped turn the country into an exporting powerhouse over the past 25 years — with nearly 80 percent of those exports going to the US.
Opening debate on the deal, Senator Veronica Martinez, secretary of the upper house’s economic committee, called it “an important agreement for all Mexicans.”
“Our economy has been transformed” by regional free trade, she said.
Senators froze committee proceedings on the USMCA last week in the wake of a standoff over President Donald Trump’s threat to impose tariffs on Mexican goods over the surge of Central American migrants arriving at the two countries’ border.
President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s government managed to negotiate a reprieve by tightening controls at Mexico’s southern border and expanding the policy of taking back migrants as their asylum requests are processed in the US.
Some lawmakers accused the executive branch of caving to Trump’s bullying, and put ratification of the USMCA on hold until Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard agreed to testify on the exact extent of the migration deal.
Ebrard assured Congress he had not agreed to Trump’s demand for a “safe third country agreement,” in which migrants arriving in Mexican territory would have to seek asylum there rather than the US.
Trump has vowed to make Mexico agree to such a deal if he deems progress on the migration issue insufficient after 45 days.
After Ebrard’s testimony, the Senate allowed the USMCA to move ahead.
There is little doubt it will pass. Lopez Obrador backs the deal, and the right-wing opposition has already said it will join his party, Morena, in passing it with the required two-thirds majority.
The three countries signed the agreement on November 30 after a year of thorny negotiations triggered by Trump’s insistence on replacing NAFTA, which he calls “the worst trade deal ever made.”
The new deal largely resembles the original, but establishes new rules for the crucial auto sector, intended to boost US-made content in cars and increase wages for Mexican workers.
Machine-meshed super-humans remain stuff of fantasy
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Even as Musk claimed his Neuralink startup had enabled a monkey to control a computer with its brain, experts were quick to dampen expectations for a futuristic scenario from "The Matrix" films, based on people with cybernetic implants.
Musk this week revealed his Neuralink startup is making progress on its brain-computer interface effort, and said the company hopes to begin testing on people next year.
Musk, founder of the automaker Tesla and the private space firm SpaceX, has long contended that a neural lace meshing minds with machines is vital if humans are to avoid being outpaced by artificial intelligence.
Ilhan Omar, US congresswoman in eye of political storm
To her supporters, Ilhan Omar embodies the American dream, but to Donald Trump and his loyalists the refugee-turned-congresswoman has made clear with a string of controversial comments that she is a dangerous radical.
The Somali-born Muslim lawmaker came to the United States as a child and eventually won a seat in Congress.
On Thursday the first-term Democratic lawmaker became the focus of a raging debate on race and American values after Trump's supporters began chanting "Send her back!" at a campaign rally with the president.
Trump’s racism is ‘disqualifying’ for him to remain as president: former White House lawyer
Former acting Solicitor General Neal Katyal explained on MSNBC on Thursday why he viewed President Donald Trump's racist attacks on four women of color in Congress as disqualifying.
Anchor Brian Williams read a quote from Susan Glasser of The New Yorker.
"Half of the country is appalled but not really sure how to combat him; the other half is cheering, or at least averting its gaze. This is what a political civil war looks like, with words, for now, as weapons," Glasser wrote.