You don’t have to suffer to benefit from Covid vaccination — but some prefer it
A volunteer receives a vaccination shot during the clinical trial for Novavax's Covid-19 vaccine(AFp)

If you think vaccination is an ordeal now, consider the 18th-century version. After having pus from a smallpox boil scratched into your arm, you would be subject to three weeks of fever, sweats, chills, bleeding and purging with dangerous medicines, accompanied by hymns, prayers and hell-fire sermons by dour preachers. This story also ran on NPR. It can be republished for free. That was smallpox vaccination, back then. The process generally worked and was preferred to enduring “natural” smallpox, which killed around a third of those who got it. Patients were often grateful for trial-by-immuniz...