Quantcast
Connect with us

Neuroscientists explore the biological basis of not giving a sh*t

Published

on

Carefree man shrugs (Shutterstock)

We tend to look down on apathy, a quality associated with laziness, civic disaffection and moral indifference. But research suggests that such behavior may be less about attitude and more about neural connections. The less impassioned among us, surprisingly, appear to have a lot going on inside their heads.

Neuroscientists at Oxford University, performed brain scans on less and more motivated people to explore the biological basis of not giving a shit, and published their findings last year in the journal Cerebral Cortex.

ADVERTISEMENT

For the study, 40 participants filled out questionnaires that allowed researchers to gauge their levels of motivation. Then, while undergoing fMRI scans, participants played an experimental game in which they were offered various rewards in exchange for exerting some amount of physical effort. In each case, they had to decide whether the reward was worth the effort. As researchers expected, high-reward, low-effort offers were more popular among participants, particularly those inclined towards apathy, than offers requiring more effort.

The brain scan results depicted a different neural scenario than expected. Researchers specifically zeroed in on the pre-motor cortex, an area of the brain that facilitates the choice to take action. So, the pre-motor cortex (as its name suggests) flares up immediately before regions involved in movement do.

Apathetic study participants primarily accepted only low-effort offers in the experimental game. But, when they did accept offers, their pre-motor cortices exhibited more activity than motivated participants accepting the same offer.

“We expected to see less activity because they were less likely to accept effortful choices but we found the opposite,” said study author Masud Husain in a press release.

Why did lazy participants exhibit higher neural activity? Because their brains do more work to achieve the same ends. “We thought that this might be because their brain structure is less efficient,” said Husain, “so it’s more of an effort for apathetic people to turn decisions into actions.”

ADVERTISEMENT

While choosing to do something, apathetic people, according to researchers, expend more brain energy than non-apathetic people; at a neural level, the process of taking action is simply more taxing. So, their lack of motivation isn’t so much a personality flaw as a means of energy conservation.

People with certain brain disorders, such as alzheimer’s patients, lack motivation to perform even basic tasks (e.g., taking medication). This research can help demystify what manifests as pathological indifference.

The study sheds new light on the biological basis of what we previously thought of as a voluntary disposition — “care more.” But, the findings don’t give us license to stand back, film crimes (ahem, Seinfeld) and blame our failure to help on our brains. Good samaritan rules still apply. Or, whatever.

ADVERTISEMENT

 

This article originally published by Van Winkle’s, vanwinkles.com, the editorial division of Casper Sleep


Report typos and corrections to: [email protected].
READ COMMENTS - JOIN THE DISCUSSION
Continue Reading

Breaking Banner

Attorney George Conway reveals two ‘great’ questions — that Trump can’t answer

Published

on

Prominent Republican attorney and Lincoln Project member George Conway on Monday offered his analysis of how reporters should question President Donald Trump.

Conway, the husband of White House counselor Kellyanne Conway, made his comments after watching video of Trump refusing to criticize Russian President Vladimir Putin.

“Who do you think poisoned Alexei Navalny in Russia?”

“Uh,” Trump replied. “We’ll talk about that at another time.”

Continue Reading

2020 Election

Jaime Harrison says ‘I am living rent free in Lindsey Graham’s head’ — and he might be right

Published

on

Jaime Harrison, the Democrat challenging Sen. Lindsey Graham, on Monday said that his upstart campaign is panicking the incumbent.

Harrison was interviewed on MSNBC by "The Last Word" anchor Lawrence O'Donnell, who noted the most recent polling shows a tied race.

"Have you experienced any extra fund-raising surge over the weekend?" O'Donnell asked.

"Well, Lawrence, we have gotten tremendous support and we really appreciate it," Harrison replied.

"Do you believe you have the resources and the campaign team and the ground troops you need in South Carolina to actually pull this off?" O'Donnell asked later in the interview.

Continue Reading
 

2020 Election

Outrage against Dianne Feinstein as potential Judiciary chair comes out against Senate reform

Published

on

Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) received harsh criticism on Monday after coming out against Senate reform of the filibuster.

“I don't believe in doing that. I think the filibuster serves a purpose," Feinstein argued.

"It is not often used, it's often less used now than when I first came, and I think it's part of the Senate that differentiates itself," Feinstein falsely claimed.

https://twitter.com/sahilkapur/status/1308169580658012160

Feinstein is in line to chair the Senate Judiciary Committee if Democrats regain the Senate, despite never attending law school or having ever tried a case.

Continue Reading
 
 
Democracy is in peril. Invest in progressive news. Join Raw Story Investigates for $1. Go ad-free. LEARN MORE