The bill, "To Revise The Methods By Which The Death Penalty May Be Carried Out; And For Related Purposes," also includes lethal injection, nitrogen gas, and electrocution as means of execution to be considered before firing squads, in a line of succession if one is ruled unconstitutional.
The Senate adopted the bill on Tuesday and it is now in the process of being passed along to the governor. When it was first introduced, the bill had listed "firing squad" as the third option, but was later removed by a Senate committee. The Mississippi House reinstated it.
Execution by firing squad is a form of capital punishment often used by the military at war. Its use in the military involves the detainee or prisoner standing or sitting in front of a wall, as military personnel line up and aim to shoot the individual in the heart.
Chairman of the House Judiciary B Committee, Andy Gipson said of the bill, "I have a constituent whose daughter was raped and killed 25 years ago and the person is still awaiting execution. If we want to have the death penalty, this bill will give us options."
In an earlier debate on the bill, Gipson told Rep. Chris Bell (D), who is also a Baptist minister, "I’m a big believer in mercy and grace. Unfortunately, the death penalty is necessary for those who commit atrocious crimes."
According to the report, Gov. Phil Bryant and Attorney General Jim Hood have expressed their approval of the bill.
Mississippi last executed a death row inmate in 2012. There are 47 remaining inmates on death row.