Global stock markets and oil prices plunged Monday as panicked investors bolted into safer assets such as gold after China warned that the spread of a deadly new coronavirus was accelerating.
China extended its traditional Lunar New Year holidays to buy time in the fight against the epidemic, prompting neighbouring Mongolia to close its border after the death toll spiked to 81 despite unprecedented quarantine measures.
Fears of a repeat of the 2003 SARS outbreak, which also began in China, spooked investors who only recently pushed markets to record highs -- meaning there was plenty of room for a reverse.
All sectors were hit but luxury goods makers and airlines suffered particularly as Chinese tourist spending is a key factor for them.
Wall Street opened lower, quickly losing nearly two percent as the global sell-off continued, adding to the pressure on Europe.
In mid-afternoon trade in Europe, London was down some 2.2 percent, with Paris and Frankfurt doing even worse with losses of some 2.6 percent each.
Oil prices were down around 2.5 percent, coming off early lows hit on concerns over demand from the world's top energy consumer China.
- 'Major panic' -
"Market participants in Europe have grave concerns about coronavirus," said Ava Trade analyst Naeem Aslam.
"The bottom line is that the virus has become deadly and it has caused a major panic in markets."
Chinese President Xi Jinping warned over the weekend that China was facing a "grave situation" given the "accelerating spread" of the new SARS-like virus that has infected nearly 3,000 people across the country.
Analysts said there were growing fears the crisis could become as bad as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak that hammered markets and the global economy in 2003.
"Coronavirus fears have gripped the markets... as all the major European equity benchmarks are nursing big losses," said analyst David Madden at trading firm CMC Markets UK.
"Stocks that are connected to China are feeling the pain... as traders are afraid the health crisis will curtail economic activity."
The outbreak has led China to lock down the epicentre of the disease, Wuhan -- a city of 11 million people -- while imposing tight travel restrictions on a number of other cities including Beijing.
The move comes during the Lunar New Year holiday when hundreds of millions of people criss-cross the country and spend billions of dollars.
The government decided late Sunday it would extend the holiday and related school closures beyond the January 30 end date to "reduce population flows", state media said.
Most Asian markets were closed for the Lunar New Year break but Tokyo was open and fell two percent. Bangkok plunged nearly three percent on worries about the Thai travel sector.
The flight to safety saw the yen rally against the dollar, with the unit now up more than one percent from eight-month lows touched earlier this year.
Gold, another go-to asset in times of turmoil and uncertainty, is heading back towards $1,600 per ounce and the six-year peaks touched at the start of January.
While the main focus is on the spread of the virus, traders will also be keeping an eye on the release of earnings this week from top companies including Apple, Facebook and Samsung.
The oil market had already tumbled more than six percent last week owing to concerns about the effects on demand in China, which is the world's number two economy after the United States.
- Key figures around 1430 GMT -
London - FTSE 100: DOWN 2.17 percent at 7,421.71 points
Frankfurt - DAX 30: DOWN 2.52 percent at 13,234.06
Paris - CAC 40: DOWN 2.58 percent at 5,869.95
New York - DOW: DOWN 1.5 percent at 28,543.75
EURO STOXX 50: DOWN 2.41 percent at 3,687.90
Brent Crude: DOWN 2.57 percent at $58.35 per barrel
West Texas Intermediate: DOWN 2.40 percent at $52.89
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: DOWN 2.0 percent at 23,343.51 (close)
Hong Kong - Hang Seng: Closed for a public holiday
Shanghai - Composite: Closed for a public holiday
Dollar/yen: DOWN at 108.94 yen from 109.28 yen Friday
Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.1015 from $1.1025
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.3060 from $1.3073
Euro/pound: UP at 84.37 pence from 84.34 pence
Fear triggered by the epidemic has hit financial markets
Tokyo stocks fell while other Asian markets were closed