Managers who believe gender discrimination is a thing of the past showed bias against women by suggesting a female job candidate be paid eight percent less than an identically qualified man, according to new research.
The study, which comes after a United Nations report said around 90 percent of people globally hold some prejudice against women, found that bias persists even when female representation in a particular field increases.
“Quite critically, this research demonstrates that managers who think bias is no longer an issue in their profession are, perhaps ironically, the key drivers of bias,” the authors said.
Researchers looked at veterinary medicine — a profession that used to be dominated by men but now has a substantial female workforce.
In the study, published in the journal Science Advances, 254 managers of both genders were given identical performance reviews of a junior vet.
The only difference was that 122 were randomly assigned a male name “Mark” and 132 the name “Elizabeth”.
Given a range of questions and scenarios, managers judged “Mark” to be more competent.
They also recommended a salary that was on average eight percent higher than those who assessed “Elizabeth” — a figure that the report said “closely mirrors” the actual gender pay gap in the profession.
The male vet was also more likely to be put forward as a potential candidate for promotion.
Researchers then asked the managers whether they agreed that gender discrimination was no longer an issue.
The study, which was led by the University of Exeter and supported by the British Veterinary Association (BVA), found that the belief that bias was a thing of the past was a key factor in those who rated the male vet more highly.
Managers who endorsed that idea advised paying the male employee an average of £2,564 ($3,475) more than was recommended for the identically qualified female vet.
Those who thought that gender discrimination still existed recommended roughly equal pay.
The authors said 44.5 percent of respondents agreed that bias was a thing of the past. Of those, 61 percent were men, but they said women also underrated the female candidate if they believed discrimination was not an issue.
Researchers said the findings could help in “precisely identifying who in the profession is perpetuating the ongoing gender pay gap”.
They added the issue could be particularly evident in fields like science and medicine.
“This is because individuals who feel confident in their capacity to be objective can be especially prone to expressing bias,” they said.
© 2020 AFP
‘Perhaps the most un-American speech ever delivered by an American president’: Ambassador McFaul
President Donald Trump's address at Mount Rushmore was blasted as "un-American" by former U.S. Ambassador to Russia Michael McFaul.
McFaul retweeted a clip of the leader of the free world failing to pronounce the word, "totalitarianism."
"Trump has no idea what words like fascism and totalitarianism mean," McFaul, now a professor at Stanford, declared.
"To those who wrote this speech and those senior [White House] officials who approved this speech, shame on you. Perhaps the most un-American speech ever delivered by an American president and on the July 4th weekend no less," he explained.
WATCH: MSNBC reporter cuts off Arizona Trump fan as he goes on rant about Antifa and killing Black babies
On Saturday, MSNBC reporter Vaughn Hillyard interviewed "Ted," a pro-Trump protester in Prescott, Arizona — and was promptly forced to cut him off as the conversation went off the rails.
"What leads you here today?" asked Hillyard. "And does the lack of masks, including on your part—"
"Well, we're here to support President Trump and the Republican ticket," said Ted. "This is our protest against all the other protests that have been going on in the country trying to take our nation down."
"Are you concerned about the pandemic?" said Hillyard.
"No, we support our police department in Prescott, and we do not support Antifa, which is a communist organization just like BLM," said Ted. "If you listen to the founders of BLM, they're communists. If they cared about Black lives really, they would think about the million abortions of Black babies, and they would think about the thousands of young Black men that are killed in the inner city, but they don't. It's an anti-police organization and Antifa is just as bad. If you notice—"
Nevada GOP ridiculed for ‘illiteracy’ after sending out garbled Independence Day message
The Nevada Republican Party was ridiculed on Saturday for the Independence Day message the organization sent out.
Veteran Nevada political reporter Jon Ralston, the editor of The Nevada Independent, tweeted out a screenshot of the email sent by Michael McDonald, the chairman of the state GOP.
Ralston described the email as a "microcosm of NV GOP's incompetence (and illiteracy)" and mocked the party by saying "English is a difficult language to master."
Here is Ralston's thread on the Fourth of July message:
Microcosm of NV GOP's incompetence (and illiteracy) in Chairman @McDonaldNV's Independence Day message, which begins (I kid you not.):