Most historians believe that the European basset came from an ancient line of short-legged dogs found in the Middle Kingdom of Egypt. There is evidence that these dogs are ideal companions of the Egyptians in their daily life, as seen in the engravings they discovered. Archaeologists also found mummified remains of short-legged dogs in a Dog Catacomb (Yes, they have one!) in the village of Saqqara, Egypt. The process of mummification is intricate, time-consuming, and expensive, commonly reserved for the noble and the wealthy. Thus, the fact that these creatures were given the sacred burial shows how important these creatures are in their lives.
There are also some evidence of scent hounds in ancient Greece and Rome, although it is not clear if these dogs have short legs which is a distinct characteristic of the both countries basset.
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