Ex-federal prosecutor explains why Trump Jr. could face felony charge -- beyond the reach of a pardon
Donald Trump Jr. (Photo: Screenshot)

A former federal prosecutor said Donald Trump Jr. could face "significant criminal liability" for his campaign meeting with a Russian lawyer -- who recently revealed new details about their conversation.

Renato Mariotti, a candidate for Illinois attorney general and a former federal prosecutor, said attorney Natalia Veselnitskaya revealed two significant details in a two-and-a-half hour interview with Bloomberg Politics.

"On one hand, she discussed with Trump Jr. the repeal of the Magnitsky Act, which punishes certain Russian officials for a murder," Mariotti tweeted.

Russian president Vladimir Putin responded to the Obama-era sanctions by banning the adoptions of Russian children by U.S. citizens, which Trump Jr. said he discussed with the attorney, and neither the president's son or son-in-law Jared Kushner dispute that the Magnitsky Act came up during the meeting.

Trump Jr. doesn't dispute that he suggested a re-examination of the Magnitsky Act if his father was elected, and Mariotti said the president's son quite likely broke the law with his offer.

"It is a federal crime to exchange an 'official act' for something of value," Mariotti said. "It’s called 'theft of honest services.' To put it more simply, offering to exchange an official act for something of value is like soliciting a bribe. There can be no serious question that supporting repeal of the Magnitsky Act would be an official act for purposes of this statute."

Mariotti said prosecutors would need to show evidence of a connection between Trump Jr.'s offer and his request for damaging information on Hillary Clinton -- but he said that's not always easy.

"The question is what the Russian lawyer understood Trump Jr. to mean during the conversation," Mariotti said. "Did she think he wanted dirt in exchange?"

Veselnitskaya would not be the best witness, because she may also have broken the law and would present credibility issues as a likely Russian operative, Mariotti said, and Trump Jr.'s attorneys could argue that his offer wasn't an official act because his father was not yet president and he never promised repeal.

"Neither would help him in front of a jury, but the question is whether a judge would toss the case," Mariotti said. "My preliminary take is both of those issues could be overcome by (special counsel Robert) Mueller but that’s fact-specific and I haven’t researched that point.

The president's son could potentially find himself beyond the reach of a pardon, which covers only federal crimes, Mariotti said.

"Trump can't pardon state offenses," Mariotti said. "My initial glance at New York law suggests that, unsurprisingly, this is also a felony under state law."